Bible References

I understand that some of you are new to the world of biblical citation and have little clue what something in parenthesis might mean.  For instance, you might have seen something like:

God sent His son to save anyone who places their trust in Him (Jn 3:16)

The first two letters are an abbreviation for which book of the Bible we are citing (see below, "John" in this instance).  These abbreviations vary.  Sometimes you might not see a shorter book title like "John" abbreviated at all (e.g., "John 3:16"), and some books have a couple of acceptable abbreviations.  To give this site some sense of consistency, I *try* to follow the "shorter" citations found in the Turabian writing style guide in this matter.  Again, see the chart below to note these abbreviations.

The first number (the "3" in our example before the colon), is the chapter.  The verse is the second number , the "16" in our example after the colon.  Thus, "John 3:16" is a much shorter way of writing that you should turn to the sixteenth verse of the third chapter of the book of John.

With all of that said, you may also note that most of the verses on this site have hyperlinks automatically added (clickable content).  If you let your mouse pointer hover over these links, the verse should pop up.  This is meant to be a time saver, but be warned that it is no substitute for noting important information in your own Bible.

Of course, there are multiple versions of the Bible available in English, so don't fret too much if a verse sounds  a little "off" from how the version in your lap reads.  We are dealing with translations from the original languages, and sometimes there is more than one way to give you the sense of the original verse.  While the majority of these translations are fine and trustworthy, for consistency's sake and because I prefer it's reading most often, most Bible references on this site come from the English Standard Version (for resources on Bible Study, see this post).


Turabian Style

Jewish Bible/Old Testament (OT) 
Traditional:Shorter:Full Name:
AmosAmAmos
1 Chron.1 Chr1 Chronicles
2 Chron.2 Chr2 Chronicles
Dan.DnDaniel
Deut.DtDeuteronomy
Eccles.EcclEcclesiastes
EstherEstEsther
Exod.ExExodus
Ezek.EzEzekiel
EzraEzrEzra
Gen.GnGenesis
Hab.HbHabakkuk
Hag.HgHaggai
HoseaHosHosea
Isa.IsIsaiah
Jer.JerJeremiah
JobJbJob
JoelJlJoel
Jon.JonJonah
Josh.JoJoshua
Judg.JgsJudges
1 Kings1 Kgs1 Kings
2 Kings2 Kgs2 Kings
Lam.LamLamentations
Lev.LvLeviticus
Mal.MalMalachi
Mic.MiMicah
Nah.NaNahum
Neh.NehNehemiah
Num.NmNumbers
Obad.ObObadiah
Prov.PrvProverbs
Ps. (plural, Pss.)Ps (plural, Pss)Psalms
RuthRuRuth
1 Sam.1 Sm1 Samuel
2 Sam.2 Sm2 Samuel
Song of Sol.SgSong of Solomon (Song of Songs)
Zech.ZecZechariah
Zeph.ZepZephaniah

Apocrypha (Apoc.)
Traditional:ShorterFull Name:
Bar.BarBaruch
Bel and Dragon----Bel and the Dragon
Ecclus.SirEcclesiasticus (Sirach)
1 Esd.----1 Esdras
2 Esd.----2 Esdras
Jth.JdtJudith
1 Macc.1 Mc1 Maccabees
2 Macc.2 Mc2 Maccabees
Pr. of Man.----Prayer of Manasses (Manasseh)
Song of Three Children----Song of the Three Holy Children
Sus.----Susanna
Tob.TbTobit
Wisd. of Sol.WsWisdom of Solomon
--------Additions to Esther (Rest of Esther)

New Testament (NT)
Traditional:ShorterFull Name:
Acts----Acts
Apoc.----Apocalypse (Revelation
Col.ColColossians
1 Cor.1 Cor1 Corinthians
2 Cor.2 Cor2 Corinthians
Eph.EphEphesians                                               
Gal.GalGalatians
Heb.HebHebrews
JamesJasJames
JohnJnJohn (Gospel)
1 John1 Jn1 John (Epistle)
2 John2 Jn2 John (Epistle)
3 John3 Jn3 John (Epistle)
Jude----Jude
LukeLkLuke
MarkMkMark
Matt.MtMatthew
1 Pet.1 Pt1 Peter
2 pet.2 Pt2 Peter
Phil.PhilPhilippians
Rev.RvRevelation (Apocalypse)
Rom.RomRomans
1 Thess.1 Thes1 Thessalonians
2 Thess.2 Thes2 Thessalonians
1 Tim.1 Tm1 Timothy
2 Tim.2 Tm2 Timothy
TitusTiTitus
Information taken from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed., 2007, sections 17.5.2 and 24.6.1-4.

Popular posts from this blog

Why Jesus Culture, Bethel Church, and Bethel's School of Supernatural Ministry are Spiritually Dangerous (Part 3 of 3)

Why Jesus Culture, Bethel Church, and Bethel's School of Supernatural Ministry are Spiritually Dangerous (Part 2 of 3)

Was Rebekah a child when she married Isaac?